Toyota PAB4-Toyota RAV4
1. Operation of the car
2. Maintenance
   General information on operational materials and adjusting data
   Volumes and frequency of maintenance
   Check of levels of operational liquids
   Survey of tires and check of pressure of air
   Replacement of engine oil and oil filter
   Check and replacement of rubber tapes of brushes of a screen wiper
   Check and adjustment of a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling
   Check, service and charging of the rechargeable battery
   Check, adjustment of a tension and replacement of a poliklinovy belt of the drive of hinged units
   Check and replacement of hoses in a motor compartment
   Shift of wheels
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check of a condition of brakes (each 24 000 km or 12 months)
   Replacement of the air filter
   Check of fuel system
   Check of level of oil in the mechanical transmission
   Check of level of oil in the transfer case of cars with the automatic transmission
   Check of a condition of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of level of oil in reverse main gear on all-wheel drive cars
   Replacement of the filter of ventilation of salon on cars since 2001
   Replacement of brake fluid
   Replacement of the fuel filter on release cars till 2001
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check and replacement of a cover and rotor of the distributor of ignition
   Replacement of cooling liquid and washing of the cooling system
   Check of system of regeneration of vapors of fuel
   Check of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement of oil and the filter in the automatic transmission
   Replacement of oil in the mechanical transmission
   Replacement of oil in the transfer case on all-wheel drive cars with the automatic transmission
   Replacement of oil in reverse main gear on all-wheel drive cars
   Check and replacement of the valve and hose of ventilation of a case (PCV)
   Check and adjustment of gaps in the drive of Valves
3. Engines
4. Cooling systems and conditioning
5. Fuel system and system of production of the fulfilled gases
6. System of ignition
7. The control system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
8. Coupling
9. Transmission
10. Driveshaft and shaft of the drive of driving wheels
11. Brake system
12. Suspension bracket
13. Steering and running gear
14. Body
15. Electric equipment
Schemes of electric equipment


Toyota RAV4>> Maintenance>> Replacement of engine oil and oil filter
       NOTE
The recommended frequency: each 5000 km of a run or 3 months.

Periodic replacement of oil and oil filter — the most important preventive procedure of maintenance. In use engine oil grows old — loses operational properties and becomes soiled wear products that leads to premature wear of the engine.
You make replacement of oil right after a trip on yet not cooled down engine that oil followed together with pollution quicker.
Uncover the oil-filling mouth located on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders.
Lift the car on the elevator or install the car in horizontal position on an osmotrovy ditch.

Fig. 2.5. Otvorachivany traffic jams of discharge of engine oil


Place capacity for collecting oil under a drain opening and turn out a stopper (fig. 2.5) . Hold a stopper during an otvorachivaniye that oil did not flow out prematurely. Wait for discharge of engine oil. At an otvorachivaniye of a stopper and plum of oil be careful as oil has high temperature.
Visual survey check a condition of engine oil for availability of metal shaving and other inclusions.
Pure rags clear an oil discharge stopper.
When oil completely flows down, wipe oil around a drain opening and wrap a stopper with a new sealing ring.
Move capacity for collecting oil under an oil filter.
On cars till 2001 access to an oil filter is provided from above, and on cars since 2001 — from below.

Fig. 2.6. An arrangement of an oil filter on release cars till 2001


Special key weaken an oil filter, then turn off his hand (fig. 2.6, 2.7) . After separation of the filter from the block of cylinders at once turn it a flange with a carving up to exclude discharge of oil from the filter.

Fig. 2.7. An arrangement of an oil filter on release cars since 2001



       PREVENTION
At an otvorachivaniye of an oil filter be careful as the final collector has high temperature.

Wipe with pure rags the block of cylinders from the oil which spilled at removal of the filter, otherwise during the operation of the engine oil will burn out and smoke. Also the remains of oil will interfere with the correct installation and an inhaling of a new oil filter.
Make sure that on the privalochny surface of the block of cylinders there were no pasted fragments of laying of the filter. In this case remove them with a scraper.
Oil fresh engine a sealing ring of a new oil filter and wrap an oil filter before contact of laying with the block of cylinders then tighten the filter on 3/4 turns by hand.
Fill in oil of the corresponding brand in the engine. In a few minutes check the level of engine oil. If it is about FULL tag, close a cover of an oil-filling mouth.
Start the engine for one minute in order that engine oil began to circulate on the engine.
Stop the engine and wait several minutes that oil flew down in the pallet.
Check the level of oil and add if it is necessary. Check lack of leak of oil from under a stopper and an oil filter, in case of need tighten them.