Fig. 1.1. Governing bodies, devices and the equipment on release cars since 2001: 1 – regulator of illumination of devices; 2 – understeering switch of passing/driving beam of headlights; 3 – combination of devices; 4 – safety cushion of the driver / sound signal; 5 – ignition lock; 6 – understeering perklyuchatel of cleaners and washers of glasses; 7 – central lattices of ventilation; 8 – autoradio tape recorder; 9 – passenger airbag; 10 – ware box; 11 – side lattices of ventilation; 12 – switch of the alarm light system; 13 – control panel of heating and ventilation; 14 – lighter; 15 – selector lever; 16 – ashtray; 17 – lever of the parking brake; 18 – button of turning on of the conditioner; 19 – handle of opening of a cowl; 20 – switch of back fog lamps
The main governing bodies of the car and combination of devices are given in
Fig. 1.2. Combination of devices: 1 – speedometer; 2 – tachometer; 3 – index of level of fuel; 4 – indicators of maintenance and other light indicators; 5 – index of an operating mode of the automatic transmission; 6 – index of temperature of cooling liquid; 7 – control lamp of inclusion of forward fog lights; 8 – control lamp of inclusion of driving beam of headlights; 9 – button of dumping of the odometer of a daily run; 10 – odometer of the general run and two odometers of daily escape
The combination of devices includes the following elements:
1 – The speedometer shows the instantaneous velocity of the car.
2 – Tachometer.
The arrow of a tachometer should not enter a red zone of a scale at all.
Timely switching to higher transfer allows to save fuel and reduces noise of the engine and transmission.
It is necessary to pass to lower transfer as it is possible later, shortly before the moment of emergence of breakthroughs in operation of the engine.
In the period of a running in it is necessary to avoid operation of the engine with high frequency of rotation of a bent shaft.
3 – Index of level of fuel.
The index works at the included ignition. Capacity of the fuel tank of the car makes about 58 l.
4 – Signaling devices of maintenance and other light signaling devices:
– signaling device of malfunction of the brake system.
At the switched-on parking brake and ignition the lamp burns. It has to go out when the parking brake is switched off.
The lamp burns constantly when falling level of brake fluid. In this case stop the car, check and, if necessary, finish to normal the level of brake fluid. Check tightness of all knots of the drive of brakes and their connections;
– signaling device of a discharge of the rechargeable battery.
The lamp lights up at inclusion of ignition, after launch of the engine — dies away. The drive of the generator is carried out by means of a durable maple belt.
If during the movement the lamp lights up, stop, switch off the engine and check a condition of a maple belt.
If the tension of a belt weakened or it is broken off, it is impossible to continue the movement — the engine cooling system pump also at the same time is not put in action. If necessary replace a belt.
If the lamp burns, and a generator drive belt in good repair, it is possible to continue the movement to the nearest service enterprise for what for reduction of a discharge of the rechargeable battery, it is necessary to switch off everything minor consumers of the electric power;
– a signaling device of low pressure of oil in the engine.
If the lamp burns in spite of the fact that oil level in the engine is normal, it is impossible to continue the movement. Operation of the engine in this case even idling is not allowed — the qualified help is necessary.
If at the movement this lamp lights up, stop, switch off the engine and check oil level, if necessary bring it to normal;
– malfunction signaling device.
The system of automatic control at the included ignition and at the movement constantly controls performance of certain functions and a condition of separate elements of the car.
About violations in work and need of carrying out repair or maintenance this lamp in a combination of devices lets know;
– signaling device of low level of fuel.
At fire of this lamp fuel the car;
– signaling device of an open door.
Even if one door is not closed, the lamp will burn and will go out after closing of all doors.
5 – Index of an operating mode of automatic transmission.
Specifies at what transfer at the movement of the car the automatic transmission or in what it is situation at the standing car works.
6 – Index of temperature of cooling liquid.
The index works at the included ignition.
If the arrow is in the lower blue area of a scale avoid increase in frequency of rotation of the engine and loading of the engine.
If the arrow is in the top zone of a scale — temperature of cooling liquid is too high — stop the car, switch off the engine and establish the reason of temperature increase of cooling liquid.
At the movement of the car in normal conditions of the shooter has to be in an average zone of a scale.
At big load of the engine and high temperature of external air, perhaps, from time to time an arrow arrangement to the red top area of a scale;
– control lamp of inclusion of forward fog lights;
– control lamp of inclusion of driving beam.
The lamp burns at the turned-on driving beam of headlights and when giving a light signal.
Fig. 1.3. Use of the counter of a daily run
9 – Button of dumping of the odometer of a daily run
The button of dumping of odometers of a daily run serves for dumping of indications on zero, and also for switching of the display from one odometer on another. To switch the display from one odometer to another, quickly press and release the button. By each pressing of the button the display switches from indications of the odometer A to indications of the odometer B and back. To dump the odometer A on zero, cause on the display of the indication of the odometer A, then press and hold pressed the dumping button until indications are not dropped on zero. Dumping of the odometer B is in the same way made.
10 – Odometer of the general run and two odometers of a daily run.
The odometer of the general run shows the general run of the car.
Two odometers of a daily run show two various distances passed independently from each other from the moment of the last dumping of indications of each odometer on zero. You can use one odometer for calculation of fuel consumption, and another for measurement of a daily run. At shutdown of power supply all data of both odometers are lost.