Р — parking blocking
Driving wheels are blocked. The lever of the selector should be installed in this position only at a full stop of the car.
In order to avoid uncontrollable rolling the car after a full stop of the car always turn on the parking brake. Surely in addition put the lever of the selector of the automatic transmission a position "P".
On the road with a bias include parking a brake, and then install the selector lever in a position of parking blocking. Thanks to such operations procedure the blocking mechanism will not be too strongly loaded, and subsequently it is possible to bring the selector lever out of this position easily.
R — a backing. Include only at a full stop of the car and during the operation of the engine idling. In a R position at the included ignition backing lamps burn.
N — neutral situation (the provision of idling).
D — advance. Transfers switch automatically from the lowest to the highest and vice versa, depending on load of the engine and speeds of the movement.
Under certain conditions the movements expediently temporarily to use one of the provisions given below.
2 – provision of braking by the engine and inclusions of the 2nd transfer. It is recommended for overcoming long rises and descents. Automatically switch up and down the 1st or 2nd transfers depending on load of the engine and speeds of the movement, the highest transfers remain blocked to prevent unnecessary switchings to the highest transfers. At the same time efficiency of braking by the engine also increases.
The maximum speed of the car should not exceed 108 km/h.
L — the provision of the strengthened braking by the engine and inclusions of the 1st transfer. It is recommended to choose this situation at the movement on steep slopes and descents. The car moves only on the 1st transfer, the highest transfers are blocked to prevent unnecessary switchings to the highest transfers. At the same time the greatest possible efficiency of braking is reached by the engine.
The maximum speed of the car should not exceed 59 km/h.
It is not recommended to operate the car in this position of the lever of the selector a long time as it leads to a transmission overheat.
At usual operation of the car it is recommended to adhere to the following councils for the choice of operating modes of AKP.
Launch of the engine. The engine can be launched only at position of the lever of the selector in N or P positions.
Movement of the car. For the translation of the lever of the selector from situation "D" in provisions "P" or "R" surely stop the car, release a pedal of an accelerator and press a brake pedal.
Fig. 1.7. Selector lever: 1 – blocking button; 2 – inclusion of the overdrive function
Transfer of the lever of the selector to various provisions is possible only after pressing of the button of blocking in the handle of the selector
Before transition to situation "R" from provisions "P" or "N" press a pedal of a brake and press on the blocking button in the selector lever handle.
For transfer of the lever of the selector to one of provisions of the movement at the motionless car and the working engine press a brake pedal.
At the choice of provisions on the motionless car it is impossible to press an accelerator pedal.
If during the movement of the car the lever of the selector is incidentally transferred to situation "N", before transfer of the lever to any other situation intended for advance release a pedal of an accelerator and reduce the frequency of rotation of a bent shaft before idling.
On the road with a normal covering install the selector lever in situation "D", at the same time transfers switch automatically from the lowest on more the highest and vice versa, depending on load of the engine and speeds of the movement.
At the working engine when the lever of the selector is in any of provisions of the movement, hold the car pressing a brake pedal as even idling torque transmission on wheels is not interrupted completely — the car "creeps".
If at the motionless car one of positions of the movement is chosen, it is impossible to press at all an accelerator pedal (and to increase fuel supply by a hand from a motor compartment), otherwise the car can begin the movement even at the switched-on parking brake.
Before carrying out any actions with the working engine, install the selector lever in a position "P" and to turn on the parking brake.
Fig. 1.8. An arrangement of the switch of the ECT-Power mode on release cars till 2001 (situation "A" – the button is pressed — the sports mode; situation "B" – the button is wrung out — economy mode)
The control system of the automatic transmission provides various operating modes of the transmission. The button of the choice of the mode of the movement is located on the dashboard
Depending on car traffic conditions the driver chooses the economy mode cutting fuel consumption or active which it is conditionally possible to call "sports".
At economy mode, thanks to early inclusion of the highest transfers and late transition to more lowest transfers, the possibility of economy of fuel appears.
The so-called "sports" program of work of the transmission is chosen in that case when control of a pedal of an accelerator is exercised rather sharply. At the choice of the "sports" mode engine capacity reserves thanks to some delay of switching to the highest transfer are completely used.
The automatic transmission has the overdrive mode which joins the button on the selector lever (see
). The overdrive mode allows to limit consumption of fuel in normal service conditions of the car. Shutdown of the overdrive mode is carried out by pressing of the button, at the same time in a combination of devices the signaling device lights up. This mode allows to improve braking by the engine.